Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs, or infections STIs) are diseases passed on through intimate sexual contact. These infections can be passed on during vaginal, anal or oral sex as well as just through genital contact with an infected partner. The incidence of such infections is increasing with most of those affected being between the ages of 16 and 24 years.
Chlamydia is the commonest STI and is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis, a bacteria. Most people who get this infection do not have any symptoms and many cases remain ‘silent’ and undiagnosed. It can be easily diagnosed through a simple vaginal swab or urine test. Undiagnosed Chlamydia can lead to more serious long term problems and infertility.
PID is an infection of the upper reproductive organs. It occurs when bacteria move upward from the vagina and cervix to the uterus, ovaries, or fallopian tubes. Most cases stem from sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), generally gonorrhea and chlamydia. When the STD goes untreated, the bacteria that caused it can lead to PID. PID can cause serious long-term problems like infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain. Although PID can threaten your health and cause infertility, it can be prevented and treated.